A recent study conducted by a group of professors at the Harvard School of Public Health attempted to analyze the use of smoking cessation aids among current and past smokers from 27 European countries. Data was collected from 26,751 people across the European Union, ranging in ages 15 to 55 and older. The researchers used a “multi-variable logistic regression model” in order to examine any additional factors in each of the subject’s lives that might impact the results of the study. This information included the subject’s gender, area of residence, age when they finished their education, and their socio-economic status.
The data revealed that 9,921 smokers and previous smokers had tried to quit smoking at least once. Interestingly, 32.2% of smokers attempted to quit smoking with the use of “any smoking cessation aid”, however only 3.74% of smokers had used e-cigarettes to accomplish this goal. This study discovered that the use of smoking cessation aids was quite unique to the specific region in the European Union. Southern Europe was the least likely area to use smoking cessation aids; however, age was the only substantial determining factor for cessation use in all regions. The results of the study revealed e-cigarettes were more likely to be used by younger smokers trying to quit, (the 15-24 age group), compared to the 25-54 age group which generally sought out traditional cessation methods from a health professional.
the most frequent reasons for not using cessation aids are cost, lack of trust on their effectiveness, and safety concerns
The researchers of this study stress the importance of providing all-inclusive governmental smoking cessation services for its citizens in order to reduce the smoking rates worldwide. As stated in the research paper, “the most frequent reasons for not using cessation aids are cost, lack of trust on their effectiveness, and safety concerns”. In order to reduce the rate of smokers and provide a means for them to quit smoking, the cessation aid must be not only successful and cost effective, but also safe and trustworthy.
Research Paper at: [Determinants and prevalence of e-cigarette use throughout the European Union: a secondary analysis of 26 566 youth and adults from 27 countries Online First doi 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2013-051394]
Additional Article at: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-06/bmj-eie061214.php