If you’re a beginner or recent convert to vaping or are thinking about starting vaping, or even if you’re keen to begin mixing your own e liquids, you might be wondering what vape juice is made of?

And you'd be forgiven for thinking that it was a confusing cocktail of chemicals, muddled together by a creative mixologist for your vaping pleasure (which of course it has been, just without the confusing cocktail of chemicals, that is).

What Ingredients are in vape juice?

So what is E Liquid? Vape juice is quite simply a blend of several different ingredients, all of which are easily recognisable, pronounceable, and food safe.  

These are: 

  • Propylene glycol - otherwise known as PG
  • Vegetable glycerin - otherwise known as VG
  • Flavouring - to give your favourite e liquid its distinctive aroma and taste
  • Nicotine - this is optional, not everyone likes or wants nicotine in their vape 

So how are these ingredients combined? 

VG vs PG what's the difference?

Well, traditionally, depending on the vaper’s desired vape experience, the ratio of Vegetable Glycerin (VG) to Propylene Glycol (PG) will vary based on the throat hit the vaper is after, or the amount of vape cloud they like to exhale. 

A higher level of PG in your e liquid will give you a bigger and better throat hit, however, because PG is a thinner liquid than VG, it makes much less dense vape clouds (on a plus - a thinner liquid does make it easier to clean your vape device). 

If on the other hand you like big flavour and to disappear in a cloud of vape, then you’ll need to have a higher ratio of VG. Bear in mind too that VG is naturally sweet anyway, so it might not work too well with some flavours - you might want to experiment first before you go ahead and order or mix a large amount of new flavours. 

Mixing the Ingredients

You have a choice when you need more vape juice - you can either purchase premixed e liquid, or make it yourself. 

We stock an incredibly wide range of all manner of e liquids here at Vapemate, from Soda Steam flavours, to From the Pantry shortfills, to our Nic Salts offerings. Whatever you’re after in your vape juice, we are guaranteed to satisfy your urge.

Saying that however, if you are an advanced vaper, keen to experiment with making your own special blend, then you’ll need to know how to mix vape juice yourself.

And whilst the process can be a little fiddly to get right, it isn't complicated.

First off, you have to remember that you can’t adlib when mixing vape juice and go off recipe, this is especially important if you’re going to be adding nicotine into the mix too. Because you want to get the right nicotine to e-liquid percentage correct - if you put too much nicotine in, you run the risk of nicotine poisoning.

Mixing the VG:PG Ratio

Next, choose your VG:PG ratio - if you like a balanced vape opt for a 50/50 mix. If you prefer a stronger throat hit, increase the PG ratio slightly and decrease the amount of VG. Alternatively, if you like to surround yourself in a vape cloud and be blown away by your choice of flavour, increase your levels of VG whilst decreasing the PG accordingly. 

As a guide, the ratios for the e liquids we stock at Vapemate are: 

  • Vapemate Origins e liquid - Our entry level range of e liquids all contain 30% vegetable glycerin to 70% propylene glycol.
  • Vapemate Classic e liquid - This is our largest range of e liquids and they are available in 50% and 30% vegetable glycerin to 50% and 70% propylene glycol respectively.
  • Directors Cut e liquid - Our premium range of e liquids all available in 80% vegetable glycerin to 20% propylene glycol.
  • Soda Steam 10ml e liquid - Our premium fizzy drinks range in TPD compliant 10ml bottles all 60% vegetable glycerin to 40% propylene glycol. 

Once you’ve sorted your VG:PG ratio you can add your favourite flavour into the mix from menthol to Strawberry, Lemon to Apple, which ever flavour takes your fancy. You will only really need a few drops, a little goes a long way. Also, if you want to add nicotine, now is the time. 

Finally, shake the ingredients together to combine them and leave the solution to steep. If you can, leave your mixture for a few days to muddle together as this will allow the flavour to merge with the rest of the ingredients, meaning you get a deeper, richer, more intense vape experience. 

So there you have it, the component parts of vape juice and what they’re used for. If you need more information about making your own vape juice, check out our guide to DIY E Liquid - How To Make E Juice

Happy vaping!