New to electronic cigarettes and vaping? Want to find out more about eliquid? This short guide will give you all the information you need on what eliquid is and how it is made.
What is Eliquid?
Vaping involves heating a liquid to the point it becomes a vapour, which can then be inhaled.
The liquid in vape devices and ecigarettes is known as eliquid, or sometimes by other names such as ejuice or vape juice. Whatever the name, eliquid functions in the same way – the liquid is heated and you inhale the resulting vapour.
Smoke and vapour are different. Smoke is a by-product of burning. Vapour is a by-product of heating, in the same way a kettle heats water to produce steam. Eliquid is drawn through the coil while current from the battery is also passed through the coil, and the eliquid is heated to produce vapour.
What’s Inside Your Eliquid?
If you’re just starting out vaping may seem complicated and mysterious, but the composition of eliquid is deceptively simple.
There’s just four ingredients –
Vegetable Glycerin (VG)
Propylene Glycol (PG)
Nicotine (if required)
Vegetable glycerine and propylene glycol are simply additives from the food industry used, for example, to sweeten or preserve food. Flavourings are blended to create our differing range of flavours. And nicotine needs no introduction, other than to say it is the only toxic part of eliquid.
When you see an eliquid listed as 70% VG, this means that 70% of the blend is VG, while the remaining 30% is PG, flavourings and nicotine (for those blends that contain nicotine). Flavourings make up around 10% of the eliquid.
How the Blend Affects Vape Experience
VG is thick in its consistency, and as a result a high VG blend can create lots of vapour. But it requires more power from the device to do so. A smaller, low powered device would struggle to heat high VG blends effectively.
PG is thinner and therefore needs less power to create the vapour, but the amount of vapour produced is also much smaller. PG also gives you the throat hit that’s similar to the feeling of smoking a cigarette.
As it’s the vapour that carries the flavours and the nicotine, creating more vapour will potentially bring more of those features. More VG needs more powerful hardware.
But because of the dense vapour from high VG blends, vaping a high nicotine blend with a high VG blend would deliver much more nicotine than an average person could stomach. So when using high VG blends it’s common reduce the nicotine levels in the eliquid to compensate for the increase in vapour.
In contrast vapers using the high PG blends that are suited to lower powered devices tend to use a higher nicotine content because the vapour produced is less dense and therefore can’t carry as much.
Ultimately the blend is a very individual thing, and not all eliquid ingredients are agreeable to everyone. It’s a good idea to experiment with the different ratios in pursuit of your perfect blend.
Vapemate has three ranges of eliquid.
Origins is a 30% VG blend, and great for smaller pen-style devices. Classic is the broadest range with more than 150 flavours and come sin 50% or 70% VG. Directors Cut is our maximum VG range producing great flavours and dense clouds.
So, Which Nicotine Strength Should I Use?
Legislation allows for a maximum dose of 1.8mg in eliquid. The following isn’t definitive, as nicotine strength is an individual thing, but as a starting point…
|0% (0MG)||For nicotine free vaping|
|0.3% (3MG)||For dripping or very light smokers|
|0.6% (6MG)||Smokers of 10 light strength cigarettes a day|
|1.2% (12MG)||Smokers of 10 standard strength cigarettes a day|
|1.8% (18MG)||Smokers of 15-20 cigarettes a day|
A Further Note on Vaping
There is only one ingredient in eliquid that's known to be toxic, and that is the nicotine itself. In its purest form, nicotine is a poison, so it goes without saying that you should aim to use the lowest possible dosage.
Under the Tobacco Products Directive legislation, eliquid and vaping has become more regulated and you will find additional messaging and warnings on the packaging to ensure users are fully understanding of what’s in their eliquid.
Safety and Storage
Always store your eliquid away from children
Keep it in the supplied child-proof bottles
Wash immediately if eliquid comes into contact with skin
Take care to avoid unnecessary spillage when refilling cartridges
Avoid swallowing or ingesting the eliquid
In the event that you feel unwell in connection to an eliquid, seek medical attention immediately.
Keep your eliquid in a cool, dark cupboard and away from children. Then, let your new flavours steep. Steeping your liquid improves the flavour by allowing it to blend at the molecular level. You will observe that the liquid will generally start to get darker after a few days of steeping.
Vapemate only uses the highest pharmaceutical and food grade ingredients manufactured in the UK, EU or US in our eliquid. Full Material Data Safety Sheets (MSDS) are available on request. We also have our eliquid tested randomly and periodically for quality using full GCMS analysis. It's all made right here in the UK.